pip wheel


python -m pip wheel [options] <requirement specifier> ...
python -m pip wheel [options] -r <requirements file> ...
python -m pip wheel [options] [-e] <vcs project url> ...
python -m pip wheel [options] [-e] <local project path> ...
python -m pip wheel [options] <archive url/path> ...
py -m pip wheel [options] <requirement specifier> ...
py -m pip wheel [options] -r <requirements file> ...
py -m pip wheel [options] [-e] <vcs project url> ...
py -m pip wheel [options] [-e] <local project path> ...
py -m pip wheel [options] <archive url/path> ...


Build Wheel archives for your requirements and dependencies.

Wheel is a built-package format, and offers the advantage of not recompiling your software during every install. For more details, see the wheel docs: https://wheel.readthedocs.io/en/latest/

Requirements: setuptools>=0.8, and wheel.

’pip wheel’ uses the bdist_wheel setuptools extension from the wheel package to build individual wheels.

Build System Interface

In order for pip to build a wheel, setup.py must implement the bdist_wheel command with the following syntax:

python setup.py bdist_wheel -d TARGET
py setup.py bdist_wheel -d TARGET

This command must create a wheel compatible with the invoking Python interpreter, and save that wheel in the directory TARGET.

No other build system commands are invoked by the pip wheel command.

Customising the build

It is possible using --global-option to include additional build commands with their arguments in the setup.py command. This is currently the only way to influence the building of C extensions from the command line. For example:

python -m pip wheel --global-option bdist_ext --global-option -DFOO wheel
py -m pip wheel --global-option bdist_ext --global-option -DFOO wheel

will result in a build command of

setup.py bdist_ext -DFOO bdist_wheel -d TARGET

which passes a preprocessor symbol to the extension build.

Such usage is considered highly build-system specific and more an accident of the current implementation than a supported interface.


-w, --wheel-dir <dir>

Build wheels into <dir>, where the default is the current working directory.

--no-binary <format_control>

Do not use binary packages. Can be supplied multiple times, and each time adds to the existing value. Accepts either “:all:” to disable all binary packages, “:none:” to empty the set (notice the colons), or one or more package names with commas between them (no colons). Note that some packages are tricky to compile and may fail to install when this option is used on them.

--only-binary <format_control>

Do not use source packages. Can be supplied multiple times, and each time adds to the existing value. Accepts either “:all:” to disable all source packages, “:none:” to empty the set, or one or more package names with commas between them. Packages without binary distributions will fail to install when this option is used on them.


Prefer older binary packages over newer source packages.


Disable isolation when building a modern source distribution. Build dependencies specified by PEP 518 must be already installed if this option is used.


Use PEP 517 for building source distributions (use --no-use-pep517 to force legacy behaviour).

-c, --constraint <file>

Constrain versions using the given constraints file. This option can be used multiple times.

-e, --editable <path/url>

Install a project in editable mode (i.e. setuptools “develop mode”) from a local project path or a VCS url.

-r, --requirement <file>

Install from the given requirements file. This option can be used multiple times.

--src <dir>

Directory to check out editable projects into. The default in a virtualenv is “<venv path>/src”. The default for global installs is “<current dir>/src”.


Ignore the Requires-Python information.


Don’t install package dependencies.

--progress-bar <progress_bar>

Specify type of progress to be displayed [off|on|ascii|pretty|emoji] (default: on)


Don’t verify if built wheel is valid.

--build-option <options>

Extra arguments to be supplied to ‘setup.py bdist_wheel’.

--global-option <options>

Extra global options to be supplied to the setup.py call before the install or bdist_wheel command.


Include pre-release and development versions. By default, pip only finds stable versions.


Require a hash to check each requirement against, for repeatable installs. This option is implied when any package in a requirements file has a --hash option.


Don’t clean up build directories.

-i, --index-url <url>

Base URL of the Python Package Index (default https://pypi.org/simple). This should point to a repository compliant with PEP 503 (the simple repository API) or a local directory laid out in the same format.

--extra-index-url <url>

Extra URLs of package indexes to use in addition to --index-url. Should follow the same rules as --index-url.


Ignore package index (only looking at --find-links URLs instead).

-f, --find-links <url>

If a URL or path to an html file, then parse for links to archives such as sdist (.tar.gz) or wheel (.whl) files. If a local path or file:// URL that’s a directory, then look for archives in the directory listing. Links to VCS project URLs are not supported.


  1. Build wheels for a requirement (and all its dependencies), and then install

    python -m pip wheel --wheel-dir=/tmp/wheelhouse SomePackage
    python -m pip install --no-index --find-links=/tmp/wheelhouse SomePackage
    py -m pip wheel --wheel-dir=/tmp/wheelhouse SomePackage
    py -m pip install --no-index --find-links=/tmp/wheelhouse SomePackage
  2. Build a wheel for a package from source

    python -m pip wheel --no-binary SomePackage SomePackage
    py -m pip wheel --no-binary SomePackage SomePackage